Humans would not be humans without the mirror the animal kingdom provides. The reflection of other species produces a more complete understanding of who we are, allowing us to evolve in different and unexpected directions. The history of representing animals in paint is as old as art itself. Indeed, early cave paintings like those found in Lascaux focused much more on the anatomies and activities of non-human animals than on people. But why this is the case remains something of a mystery. What remains clear is that the history of civilization has continuously involved the intense observation of our fellow creatures. The importance of this relationship continues to be reinterpreted an redefined.